Richard Hayes Phillips was the leading forensic investigator of the 2004 presidential election in Ohio. He and his assistants photographed 126,000 ballots, 127 poll books, 141 voter signature books, and other election records, from 18 counties in Ohio. His analysis, and the raw data upon which the analysis is based, are presented in his book, ‘Witness to a Crime: A Citizens’ Audit of an American Election.’ The book comes with a CD containing 1200 of the most telling photographs. His book is available at
Troy Seman has fifteen years experience working in Information Technology and dealing with computer security issues. He was Phillips’ most trusted adviser during the investigation of the 2004 election in Ohio.