Skip to content Skip to footer

Indian Trade Unions Demand Modi Scrap Deal to Replace Palestinian Workers

“Nothing could be more immoral and disastrous for India than the said ‘export’ of workers to Israel,” the unions said.

Indian police personnel detain an activist during a protest in support of Palestinians in Gaza, amid the conflict between Israel and Hamas in New Delhi, India, on October 27, 2023.

Ten major trade unions in India have condemned the government’s “unethical” stance on Gaza and demanded an end to India’s agreement with Israel that would allow companies to hire tens of thousands of Indian workers to replace Palestinian construction workers whose work permits have been revoked since Israel began its genocide of Palestinians in Gaza.

“Israel is shamelessly escalating its genocidal attack against Palestinians,” a joint press release says. “Nothing could be more immoral and disastrous for India than the said ‘export’ of workers to Israel.”

The press release, jointly released on behalf of the Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU), All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC), Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC), the BJP-affiliated Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS), and several other Indian union organizations, calls for India’s trade union movements to show solidarity with Palestinian workers.

More than 110,000 Palestinians held work permits to work in Israel before Hamas’ attack on October 7, with the majority working in the construction industry. Following the attack, tens of thousands of Palestinian workers in the Israeli construction industry were suspended.

“As it is, the settler-colonial occupation of Palestine has decimated its economy, causing high levels of poverty and unemployment, and has resulted in Palestinians being dependent on Israel for employment,” the trade union press release says. “Though numbers have fluctuated over time, an average of 1.3 lakh [130,000] Palestinians were employed in Israel, with the construction sector accounting for the largest share of Palestinian workers, with Palestinian workers making almost 65-70% of the total workforce.”

Left without these workers, and without alternative sources of labor, the construction industry in Israel has been operating at 15 percent capacity.

“It’s a very, very big problem for the Israeli economy,” Shay Pauzner, Israel Builders Association’s deputy director-general, told NPR earlier this month. “This is one of the places where every Israeli will feel the impact of this war: in his pocket.”

In early November, thousands of Palestinian workers were forced to return to Gaza on foot after being dropped off several miles from the Israeli-Gaza border wearing numbered tags on their ankles. Some of those workers told NPR that they had been rounded up across Israel by the country’s security forces and subsequently detained.

Since October 7, Israeli attacks on Gaza have killed more than 11,000 Palestinians, including more than 4,500 children. Another 2,700 people have been reported missing and are thought to be trapped or dead under the rubble of bombed buildings.

India’s Modi government has expressed solidarity with Israel and abstained from supporting a United Nations Resolution for a ceasefire. In May 2023, during Israeli foreign minister Eli Cohen’s trip to New Delhi, Israel and India signed an agreement to send 42,000 Indian workers to Israel. Now, the Modi government is planning to ship 90,000 construction workers to Israel, according to the trade unions.

“India’s trade union movement must rise in solidarity with Palestinian workers and reject this disastrous idea,” the press release says. “Let’s resolve that we will not work to replace Palestinian workers in Israel! India and Indian workers should boycott Israelian products! Indian workers, as their counterparts in some western countries, should refuse to handle the Israeli cargo!”

Pro-Palestinian protesters have prevented Israeli cargo and military supply ships from docking and departing in ports in Australia, Oakland, California, and Tacoma, Washington, and dockworkers in Barcelona recently announced that they would refuse to handle military equipment being sent to Israel.

“That India is even considering ‘exporting’ works shows the manner in which it has dehumanized and commodified Indian workers,” the press release says. “Such [a] step will amount to complicity on India’s part with Israel’s ongoing genocidal war against Palestinians and will naturally have adverse implications for Indian workers in the entire region.”

Join us in defending the truth before it’s too late

The future of independent journalism is uncertain, and the consequences of losing it are too grave to ignore. To ensure Truthout remains safe, strong, and free, we need to raise $29,000 in the next 36 hours. Every dollar raised goes directly toward the costs of producing news you can trust.

Please give what you can — because by supporting us with a tax-deductible donation, you’re not just preserving a source of news, you’re helping to safeguard what’s left of our democracy.