Per-flouro octane-sulfo-nate or PFOS, and Per-flouro-octa-noic acid or PFOA, are the active ingredients in the foam routinely used to train soldiers to extinguish aircraft fires at US military bases around the world. The toxic chemicals are allowed to leach into surrounding soil to poison groundwater. The result is one of the greatest water contamination epidemics in human history.
Doubt that? Click on Google News and enter: “PFOS PFAO Military Base.” Then, come back and read the rest of this article – and brace yourself. It’s bad.
The water in thousands of wells in and around US military installations across the globe have been tested and have been shown to contain harmful levels of PFOS and PFOA. The health effects of exposure to these chemicals include frequent miscarriages and other severe pregnancy complications, like long-term fertility issues. They contaminate human breast milk and sicken breast-feeding babies. PFOS and PFOA contribute to liver damage, kidney cancer, high cholesterol, decreased response to vaccines, an increased risk of thyroid disease, along with testicular cancer, micro-penis, and low sperm count in males.
The Pentagon has known of the disastrous impact PFOS and PFOA have on human health and the environment since 1974, and they continue to use the poisonous foams today.
By 2001, the US military fully understood the enormity of the problem. They knew firefighting foams used at bases worldwide were poisoning streams and well water in surrounding communities, but they were concerned that publicizing the deadly contamination would be extraordinarily expensive, so, they decided to keep it quiet and continued to use the foams — without investigating whether anyone on or off the bases had been sickened.
Think I’m overstating it? Then, you probably didn’t google it like I suggested at the top of this piece.
This thing has blown up in the last few months.
Examine the brilliant reporting by Tara Copp of Military Times, a Gannett News publication. Her series documents untold suffering from young women in the military who drank the water on base. Her pieces, including, Why women were told “Don’t get pregnant at George Airbase.” are tough to read because they link the contamination to human misery and death. Many women reported multiple miscarriages, others had stillborn children. The military still refuses to release the medical records for afflicted women all over the country.
And what about the women (and men and babies) on bases and in surrounding villages in places outside of the US, like Spangdahlem Airbase, Germany and Kadena Airbase, Okinawa? High concentrations of PFOS and PFOA have been found in streams adjacent to those bases. They receive no protections. The Americans aren’t rushing to test their water, or their soil, or their wildlife.
Local authorities seeking the source of the poisoned water in Okinawa have been denied access to two US bases. The refusal represents the latest example of the Japan – US Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) hindering Japanese officials trying to address health problems facing local residents.
The SOFA, with its boilerplate language, lays down the imperial law. It states, “Within the facilities and areas, the United States may take all the measures necessary for their establishment, operation, safeguarding and control.”
There is significant contamination in Belgium. The Americans are responsible for military contamination at the US Army Garrison Benelux Caserne Daumerie in Chièvres, Belgium. The Army poisoned groundwater that extends out from the base. Members of the local community have been warned not to drink the water and have been supplied with bottled water. The Army command has been silent, hiding behind the SOFA that bestows carte blanche authority to destroy the earth and its inhabitants.
While the EU and the UN have taken steps to regulate these poisons, the US military continues to use them in their fire-fighting foam in Europe and around the world. After all, there’s a regulation from the mid-sixties that says they must use the deadly fluorochemicals. Meanwhile, American chemists have developed a fire-fighting foam substitute that works just as well without all of the environmental and health dangers, but the US military doesn’t want to use it. Instead, the military is spending millions to replace toxic firefighting foam with toxic firefighting foam.
All over the US, where we still have vestiges of the once significant EPA, and we still have resilient and competent state water works officials, the military is generally refusing to admit damage or do much to ameliorate the problem.
Here’s a brief sampling of the way the Air Force has recently reacted to the crisis.
- Dayton, Ohio’s Director of Water sent out a warning to its residents on PFOS contamination from Wright Patterson Airbase. June, 2018
“Unfortunately, the Air Force has not acted, and that is why I am writing.”
- The Air Force refuses to reimburse three Colorado communities for the money spent responding to water poisoned by PFAS and PFAO used in firefighting foam at Peterson Air Force Base. The poor towns have an $11 million tab. The water in El Paso County, Texas is unsafe to drink. The Air Force blamed other sources for contaminating the aquifer.
- The Air Force initially denied the request of citizens in New Hampshire who demanded a study be conducted. They drank Portsmouth’s poisoned water, The Air Force said it didn’t have the money to pay for the study. After brilliant citizen agitation, the Air Force has agreed to pay $14.3 million to construct a water treatment facility to remove PFOS and PFOA from city-owned wells. (Take note.)
- Meanwhile, the Air Force is flouting a Michigan ruling that demands it provide safe drinking water in the Oscoda-Wurtsmith area. The B-52 base was closed in 1993 and the water remains deadly. Last month, Michigan health authorities issued a ‘Do Not Eat’ advisory for deer taken within five miles of the old Wurtsmith Air Force Base. It’s been 25 years and the stream water deer drink is still poisonous.
According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), PFOS and PFOA are considered emerging contaminants. An “emerging contaminant” is a chemical that is characterized by a “perceived, potential, or real threat to human health or the environment or by a lack of published health standards.” The EPA does not regulate PFOS and PFOA! Instead, it has set a shoulder-shrug of 70 parts per trillion Lifetime Health Advisory for drinking water. Meanwhile, scientists with the University of North Carolina say a safe dose of PFOA and/or PFOS in drinking water is 1 ppt.
The EPA developed the nonregulatory Health Advisory Program in 1978 to provide information to the public on pollutants associated with short-term contamination spills that can affect drinking water quality but are not regulated under the Safe Drinking Water Act. The EPA lists Health Advisories for more than 200 contaminants, including FFOS and PFOA. Many of these contaminants are strictly regulated by nations around the world, but they’re OK for Americans to drink.
In the absence of federal leadership on the issue, some states, including New Jersey, have started to regulate the chemicals at much lower limits than the EPA’s. New Jersey’s Department of Environmental Protection is implementing its first tough PFAS regulation. Contamination of water wells at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst was as high as 264,300 ppt, and that’s just fine with the EPA.
The EPA continues to approve new equally toxic PFAS chemicals despite widespread contamination. America, it seems, is a criminal enterprise.